The Poems

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Het begin

I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud

I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.

Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.

The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed – and gazed – but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought:

For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils.

© Penguin Books, 1977.



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Algemeen

‘The Poems’ (vaak verzameld in meerdere bundels) van William Wordsworth bevat de onderstaande gedichten:
• ‘A Volant! Tribe of Bards on Earth Are Found’; ‘Address from the Spirit of Cockermouth Castle’; ‘Address to a Child’; ‘Address to Kilchurn Castle’; ‘Address to My Infant Daughter, Dora’; ‘Address to the Ocean’; ‘Address to the Scholars of the Village School of _’; ‘Adieu, Rydalian Laurels! that Have Grown’; ‘Admonition’; ‘Aerial Rock – Whose Solitary Brow’; ‘Affliction of Margaret, The’; ‘After Landing – the Valley of Dover, November 1820’; ‘After Visiting the Field of Waterloo’; ‘After-thought’ (3); 'Ah! Where Is Palafox? Nor Tongue nor Pen’; ‘Airey-Force Valley’; ‘Aix-la-Chapelle’; ‘Alice Fell; or, Poverty’; ‘Along the Mazes of This Song I Go’; ‘American Tradition’; ‘Among All Lovely Things My Lover Had Been’; ‘Anacreon’; ’Anecdote for Fathers’; ‘And Is It Among Rude and Untutored Dales’; ‘And Oh! Dear Soother of the Pensive Breast’; ‘And You Will Leave Me Thus Along’; ‘Andrew Jones’; ‘Animal Tranquility and Decay’; ‘Anticipation, October 1803’; ‘Apology for the Foregoing Poems’; ‘Argument for Suicide’; ‘Armenian Lady’s Love, The’; ‘Arms and the Man I Sing, the First Who Bore’; ‘Artegal and Elidure’; ‘At Applethwaite, near Keswick, 1804’; ‘At Bala-Sala, Isle of Man’; ‘At Dover’; ‘At Furness Abbey’ (2); ‘At Sea off the Isle of Man’; ‘At the Grave of Burns …’; ‘At the Isle of Wight’; ‘Author’s Voyage down the Rhine’; ‘Avaunt All Specious Pliancy of Mind’; ‘Avon. A Feeder of the Annan, The’;
• ‘Ball Whizzed by – It Grazed His Ear, The’; ‘Beauty and Moonlight’; ‘Beggars’; ‘Beloved Vale! I Said when I Shall Con …’; ‘Between Namur and Liège’; ‘Black Stones of Iona’; ‘Blest Statesman, He whose Mind’s Unselfish Will’; ‘Blind Highland Boy, The’; ‘Bothwell Castle’; ‘Brave Schill! …’; ‘Brook! Whose Society the Poet Seeks’; ‘Brook, that Hath Been My Solace Days and Weeks’; ‘Brothers, The’; ‘Brownie, The’; ‘Bruges’ (2); ‘But Cease My Soul Ah! Cease to Pry’; ‘By a Blessed Husband Guided, Mary Came’; ‘By a Retired Mariner, H.H.’; ‘By Moscow Self-devoted to a Blaze’; ‘By the Seashore, Isle of Man’; ‘By the Seaside’; ‘By the Side of Rydal Mere’; ‘By the Side of the Grave Some Years after’;
• ‘Calais, August 15, 1802’; ‘Calais, August 1802’; ‘Call Not the Royal Swede Unfortunate’; ‘Calm Is All Nature as a Resting Wheel’; ‘Calm Is the Fragrant Air ...’; ‘Captivity – Mary Queen of Scots’; ‘Cave of Staffa’ (3); ‘Cenotaph’; ‘Change Me, Some God, into that Breatgin Rose!’; ‘Character of the Happy Warrior’; ‘Character, A’; ‘Characteristics of a Child Three Years Old’; ‘Chatworth! Thy Stately Mansion, and the Pride’; ‘Child of the Clouds! Remote from Every Taint’; ‘Childless Father, The’; ‘Church of San Salvador …, The’; ‘Column Intended by Buonaparte …, The’; ‘Come Thou in Robe of Darkest Blue’; ‘Come, Gentle Sleep …’; ‘Complaint of a Forsaken Indian Woman, The’; ‘Complaint, A’;
• ‘Composed after a Journey …’; ‘Composed after Reading a Newspaper of the Day’; ‘Composed after Reading a Newspaper of the Day’; ‘Composed among the Ruins of a Castle in North Wales’; ‘Composed at Cora Linn …’; ‘Composed at Rydal on May Morning, 1838’; ‘Composed by the Sea-shore’; ‘Composed by the Sea-side’; ‘Composed during a Storm’; ‘Composed in One of the Catholic Cantons’; ‘Composed in One of the Valleys …’; ‘Composed in Roslin Chapel during a Storm’; ‘Composed in the Glen of Loch Etive’; ‘Composed in the Valley near Dover’; ‘Composed near Calais’; ‘Composed on a May Morning’; ‘Composed on Easter Sunday’; ‘Composed on the Banks of a Rocky Stream’; ‘Composed on the Eve of the Marriage …’; ‘Composed upon an Evening …’; ‘Composed upon Westminster Bridge …’; ‘Composed When a Probability Existed …’; ‘Composed while the Author Was Engaged in Writing …’ (2); ‘Conclusion, to _’; ‘Conclusion’; ‘Contrast the Parrot and the Wren, The’; ‘Convict, The’; ‘Cottager to Her Infant, by My Sister, The’; ‘Countess’s Pillar’; ‘Crescent-Moon, The Star of Love, The’; ’Critics, Right Honourable Bard, Decree’; ‘Cuckoo and the Nightingale, The’; ‘Cuckoo-Clock, The’;
• ‘Danish Boy, The’; ‘Death a Dirge’; ‘Death of the Starling Catull, The’; ‘Decay of Piety’; ‘Dedication’; ’Dedication to _’; ‘Deign, Sovereign Mistress! To Accept a Lay’; ‘Departure from the Vale of Grasmere …’; ‘Description of a Dying Storm’; ‘Descriptive Sketches’; ‘Desire We Past Illusions to Recall?’; ‘Despond Who Will …’; ‘Desponding Father! Mark This Altered Bough’; ‘Desultory Stanzas …’; ‘Devotional Incitements’; ‘Dirge, Sung by a Minstrel’; ‘Dog, The’; ‘Dunolly Eagle, The’;
• ‘Eagle and the Dove, The’; ‘Eagles, …’; ‘Earl of Breadalbain’s Ruined Mansion and …, The’; ‘Ecclesiastical Sonnets Part I (43 sonnets); ‘Ecclesiastical Sonnets Part II (46 sonnets); ‘Ecclesiastical Sonnets Part III (46 sonnets); ‘Echo, upon the Gemmi’; ‘Eclipse of the Sun, 1820, The’; ‘Effusion in Presence of the Painted Tower of Tell at Altorf’; ‘Effusion in the Pleasure-ground …’; ‘Egyptian Maid, or …, The’; ‘Eighteen Hundred-and-One’; ‘Elegiac Musing in the Grounds of Coleorton …’; ‘Elegiac Stanzas. Addressed to Sir G.H.B. …’; ‘Elegiac Stanzas’ (2); ‘Elegiac Verses’; ‘Ellen Irwin’; ‘Emigrant Mother, The’; ‘Emperors and Kings, How Oft Have Temples Rung’; ‘Engelberg, the Hill of Angels’; ‘England! The Time Is Come When Thou Should’st Wean’; ‘Epistle to Sir George Howland Beaumont, Bart’; ‘Epitaph in the Chapel-yard of Langdale, Westmoreland’; ‘Ere with Cold Beads of Midnight Dew’; ‘Even as a Dragon’s Eye that Feels the Stress’; ‘Evening Sonnets’; ‘Evening Sounds’; ‘Evening Walk, An’; ‘Excursion, The’ (9 Books); ‘Expostulation and Reply’; ‘Extempore Effusion upon the Death of James Hogg’; ‘Extract’;
• ‘Fact, and an Imagination …, A’; ‘Faery Chasm, The’; ‘Fair Prime of Life! Were It Enough to Gild’; ‘Fairest, Brightest Hues of Ether Fade, The’; ‘Fall of the Aar …, The’; ‘Fallen, and Diffused into a Shapeless Heap’; ‘Fancy and Tradition’; ‘Farewell Lines’; ‘Farewell, A’; ‘Farmer of Tilsbury Vale’; ‘Feel for the Wrongs to Universal Ken’; ‘Feelings of a French Royalist …’; ‘Feelings of a Noble Biscayan at One of Those Funerals’; ‘Female Vagrant’; ‘Fidelity’; ‘Filial Piety’; ‘Fish-women – On Landing at Calais’; ‘Floating Island’; ‘Flower Garden at Coleorton Hall, Leicestershire, A’; ‘Flowers on the Top of the Pillars …’; ‘Flowers’; ‘For a Seat in the Groves of Corleorton’; ‘For the Spot where …’; ‘Force of Prayer …, The’; ‘Foresight’; ‘Forsaken, The’; ‘Fort Fuentes’; ‘Fountain, The’; ‘Four Fiery Steeds Impatient of the Rein’; ‘French and Spanish Guerillas, The’ (9); ‘French Army in Russia, 1812-13, The’ (2); ‘French Revolution, Books I-XIV’; ‘From the Dark Chambers of Dejection Freed’; ‘From the Greek’; ‘From the Italian of Michael Angelo’ (2); ‘From the Same (Michael Angelo) to the Supreme Being’; ‘From This Deep Chasm, where Quivering Sunbeams Play’;
• ‘George and Sarah Green’; ‘Germans on the Heights of Hock Heim, The’; ‘Gipsies’; ‘Glad Sight wherever New with Old’; ‘Gleaner, The’; ‘Glen Almain’; ‘Go Back to Antique Ages, If Thine Eyes’; ‘Gold and Silver Fishes in a Vase’; ‘Goody Blake and Harry Gill’; ‘Gordale’; ‘Grace Darling’; ‘Gravestone upon the Floor …, A’; ‘Great Men Have Been among Us …’; ‘Green Linnet, The’; ‘Greenock’; ‘Greyhound Ballad’; ‘Grief, Thou Hast Lost an Ever-ready Friend’; ‘Guilt and Sorrow …’;
• ‘Hail, Twilight, Sovereign of One Peaceful Hour!’; ‘Hail, Zaragosa! If with Unwet Eye’; ‘Hark! ‘Tis the Thrush, Undaunted, Undeprest’; ‘Hart’s-horn Tree, near Penrith’; ‘Haunted Tree. To _, The’; ‘Heart-leap Well’; ‘Her Eyes Were Wild’; ‘Her Only Pilot the Soft Breeze, the Boat’; ‘Here M_ Sleeps who Liv’d a Patriarch’s Days’; ‘Here Pause: The Poet Claims at Least His Praise’; ‘Highland Broach, The’; ‘Highland Hut’; ‘Hint from the Mountains for Certain Political Pretenders’; ‘Hints for the Fancy’; ‘Hoarse Sound the Swoln and Angry Floods’; ‘Holiday at Gwerndwffnant …’; ‘Homeward We Turn …’; ‘Hope’; ‘Horace to Apollo’; ‘Horn of Egremont Castle, The’; ‘Horse, The’; ‘Hour-bell Sounds and I Must Go, The’; ‘How Beautiful the Queen of Night, on High’; ‘How Rich that Forehead’s Calm Expanse!’; ‘How Shall I Paint Thee? – Be This Naked Stone’; ‘How Sweet at Eve’s Still Hour the Song’; ‘How Sweet in Life’s Tear-glistening Morn’; ‘How Sweet It Is when Mother Fancy Rocks’; ‘Humanity’; ‘Hymn for the Boatmen …’;
• ‘I Find It Written on Simonides’; ‘I Grieved for Buonaparte’; ‘I Heard (Alas, ‘Twas Only a Dream)’; ‘I Know an Aged Man Constrained to Dwell’; ‘I the While’; ‘I Travell’d among Unknown Men’; ‘I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud’; ‘I Watch, and Long Have Watched, with Calm Regret’; ‘I, Whose Pretty Voice You Hear’; ‘Idiot Boy, The’; ‘Idle Shepherd-boys, The’; ‘If Grief Dismiss Me Not to Them that Rest’; ‘If This Great World of Joy and Pain’; ‘If Thou Indeed Derive Thy Light from Heaven’; ‘Illustrated Books and Newspapers’; ‘Imitation of Juvenal …’; ‘In a Carriage, upon the Banks of the Rhine’; ‘In Allusion to Various Recent Histories …’ (3); ‘In Due Observance of an Ancient Rite’; ‘In Evenings Tint of Joy’; ‘In My Mind’s Eye a Temple, Like a Cloud’; ‘In Sight of the Tower of Cockermouth …’; ‘In the Cathedral at Cologne’; ‘In the Channel …’; ‘In the Frith of Clyde …’; ‘In the Garden of the Same’; ‘In the Grounds of Corleorton …’; ‘In the Pass of Killicranky …’; ‘In the Sound of Mull’; ‘In the Woods of Rydal’; ‘In These Fair Vales Hath Many a Tree’; ‘Incident at Bruges’; ‘Incident Characteristic of a Favourite Dog’; ‘Incipient Madness’; ‘Indignation of a High-minded Spaniard’; ‘Infant M_ M_, The’; ‘Influence of Natural Objects’; ‘Inscription for a Monument in Crosthwaite …’; ‘Inscription for a Seat by the Pathway …’; ‘Intent on Gathering Wool from Hedge and Brake’; ‘Invocation to the Earth, February 1816’; ‘Iona’ (2); ‘Is There a Power that Can Sustain and Cheer’; ‘Isle of Man‘ (2); ‘It Is a Beauteous Evening Calm and Free’; ‘It Is No Spirit who from Heaven Hath Flown’; ‘It Is Not to Be Thought of that the Flood’; ‘Italian Itinerant …, The’;
• ‘Jewish Family in a Small Valley …, A’; ‘Journey Renewed’; ‘June 1820’;
• ‘King of Sweden, The’; ‘Kirk of Ulpha to the Pilgrim’s Eye, The’; ‘Kitten and the Falling Leaves, The’;
• ‘Labourer’s Noon-day Hymn, The’; ‘Lament for Bion’; ‘Lament of Mary Queen of Scots …’; ‘Laodamia’; ‘Last of the Flock, The’; ‘Last Supper …, The’; ‘Leaves that Rustled on This Oak-crowned Hill, The’; ‘Lesbia’; ‘Lines on the Expected Invasion’; ‘Liberty’; ‘Lines’ (5); ‘Lines Ad-dressed to Johanna H. …’; ‘Lines on Milton’; ‘Lines Suggested by a Portrait from the Pencil of F. Stone’ (2); ‘Lines Written as a School Exercise’; ‘Lines Written in Early Spring’; ‘Lines Written in the Album of the Countess of Lonsdale …’; ‘Lines Written on a Blank Leaf …’; ‘Little Onward Lend Thy Guiding Hand, A’; ‘Lo! Where She Stands Fixed in a Saint-like Trance’; ‘London, 1802’; ‘Longest Day, Addressed to My Daughter, The’; ‘Look Now on that Adventurer who Hath Paid’; ‘Louisa after Accompanying Her on a Mountain Excursion’; ‘Love Lies Bleeding’; ‘Loving and Liking’; ‘Lowther’; ‘Lucy Gray, or Solitude’; ‘Lyre! Through Such Power Do in Thy Magic Live’;
• ‘Malham Cove’; ‘Mark the Concentred Hazels that Enclose’; ‘Mary Queen of Scots Landing …’; ‘Massy Weights, Carried across These Heights, The’; ‘Maternal Grief’; ‘Matron of Jedborough and Her Husband, The’; ‘Matthew’; ‘Melancholy Joy’; ‘Memorial, Near the Outlet of the Lake of Thun’; ‘Memorials of a Tour in Italy: I-XXIX’; ‘Memory’; ‘Men of the Western World! …’; ‘Methinks ‘Twere No Unprecedented Feat’; ‘Methought I Saw the Footsteps of a Throne’; ‘Michael Angelo in Reply …’; ‘Michael, a Pastoral Poem’; ‘Minstrels’; ‘Moaning Owl I Shall Soon, The’; ‘Monument Commonly Called Long Meg …, The’; ‘Monument of Mrs Howard’; ‘Morning Exercise, A’; ‘Most Alluring Clouds that Mount the Sky, The’; ‘Most Sweet It Is with Unuplifted Eyes’; ‘Mother’s Return, The’; ‘My Heart Leaps when I Behold’; ‘My Lord and Lady Darlington’;
• ‘Night Thought, A’; ‘No Record Tells of Lance Opposed to Lance’; ‘No Whimsey of the Purse Is Here’; ‘Norman Boy, The’; ‘Not Envying Latian Shades - If Yet They Throw’; ‘Not Hurled Precipitous from Steep to Steep’; ‘Not in the Lucid Intervals of Life’; ‘Not Love, Not War, Nor the Tumultuous Swell’; ‘November 1’; ‘November 1806’; ‘November 1813’; ‘November 1836’; ‘Nun’s Well, Brigham’; ‘Nunnery’; ‘Nuns Fret Not at Their Convent’s Narrow Room’; ‘Nutting’;
• ‘O Mountain Stream! The Shepherd and His Cot’; ‘O Nightingale! Thou Surely Art’; ‘O’er the Wide Earth, on Mountain and on Plain’; ‘O’er Weening Statesmen Have Full Long Relied’; ‘Oak and the Broom, The’; ‘Oak of Guernica, The’; ‘Occasioned by the Battle of Waterloo, February 1816’ (2); ‘October 1803’ (3); ‘Ode – The Morning of the Day …’; ‘Ode from Horace’; ‘Ode to Apollo’; ‘Ode to Duty’; ‘Ode to Lycoris, May 1817’ (2); ‘Ode, Composed on May Morning’; ‘Ode, Performed in the Senate-House …’; ‘Ode: Intimations of Immortality …’; ‘Ode’ (3); ‘Oh Bounty without Measure, while the Grace’; ‘Oh What a Wreck! How Changed in Mien and Speech’; ‘Old Cumberland Beggar, The’; ‘On a Celebrated Event in Ancient History’ (2); ‘On a High Part of the Coast of Cumberland …’; ‘On a Portrait of the Duke of Wellington …’; ‘On Approaching Home after …’; ‘On Approaching the Staub-bach’; ‘On Being Stranded near the Harbour of Boulogne’; ‘On Entering Douglas Bay, Isle of Man’; ‘On Hearing the ‘Ranz des Vaches’; …’; ‘On Revisiting Dunolly Castle’; ‘On Seeing a Needlecase …’; ‘On the Banks of a Rocky Stream’; ‘On the Death of an Unfortunate Lady’; ’On the Death of His Majesty (George the Third)’; ‘On the Departure of Sir Walter Scott from Abbotsford, for Naples’; ‘On the Detraction which Followed …’; ‘On the Extinction of the Venetian Republic’; ‘On the Firth of Clyde’; ‘On the Power of Sound’; ‘On the Projected Kendal and Windermere Railway’; ‘On the Sight of a Manse in the South of Scotland’; ‘On Tiptoe Forward as I Lean’d Aghast’; ‘Once I Could Hail (Howe’er Serene the Sky)’; ‘Open Prospect’; ‘Our Lady of the Snow’; ‘Oxford, May 1820’ (2);
• ‘Parsonage in Oxfordshire, A’; ‘Pass of Kirkstone, The’; ‘Passing of the Elder Bards, The’; ‘Peaceful Our Valley Fair and Green’; ‘Personal Talk’; ‘Peter Bell’; ‘Pet-Lamb, The’; ‘Pibroch’s Note, Discountenanced or Mute, The’; ‘Picture of Daniel in the Lion’s Den …’; ‘Pilgrim’s Dream …, The’ (5); ‘Pillar of Trajan, The’; ‘Pity – What Tho’ My Griefs Must Never Flow’; ‘Pity, Now Too while O’er the Heart We Feel’; ‘Place of Burial in the South of Scotland, A’; ‘Plain of Donnerdale, The’; ’Plea for Authors …, A’; ‘Poet and the Caged Turtledove, The’; ‘Poet to His Grandchild, A’; ‘Poet! He Hath Put His Heart to School, A’; ‘Poet’s Dream, Sequel to the Norman Boy, The’; ‘Poet’s Epitaph, A’; ‘Poor Robin’; ‘Power of Armies Is a Visible Thing, The’; ‘Power of Music’; ‘Prelude, Prefaced to the Volume Entitled …’; ‘Presentiments’; ‘Primrose of the Rock, The’; ‘Prioress’ Tale, The’; ‘Processions Suggested on a Sabbath Morning …’; ‘Prophecy, February 1807, A’; ‘Proud were Ye, Mountains, When, in Times of Old’;
• ‘Rains at Length Have Ceas’d, the Winds Are Still’d, The’; ‘Recluse Part First, The’; ‘Recollection of the Portrait of King Henry Eighth, Trinity Lodge, Cambridge’; ‘Redbreast Chasing the Butterfly, The’; ‘Redbreast, The’; ‘Remembrance of Collins’; ‘Repentance’; ‘Resolution and Independence’; ‘Rest and Be Thankful at the Head of Glencroe’; ‘Resting-place, The’; ‘Retirement’; ‘Return, Content! For Fondly, I Pursued’; ‘Return’; ‘Reverie of Poor Susan, The’; ‘River Eden, Cumberland, The’; ‘Road Extended O’er a Heath, The’; ‘Rob Roy’s Grave’; ‘Roman Antiquities’; ‘Roman Antiquities Discovered at Bishopstone, Herefordshire’; ‘Rural Architecture’; ‘Rural Illusions’; ‘Russian Fugitive, The’; ‘Ruth’;
• ‘Said Red-ribboned Evans’; ‘Said Secrecy to Cowardice and Fraud’; ‘Sailor’s Mother, The’; ‘Say, What Is Honour? …’; ‘Scene on the Lake of Brientz’; ‘Scenes’; ‘Scorn Not the Sonnet, Critic, You Have Frowned’; ‘Scottish Broom on Birdnest Brae, The’; ‘Seathwaite Chapel’; ‘September 1, 1802’; ‘September 1802’; ‘September 1815’; ‘September 1819’ (2); ‘Septimi Gades’; ‘Septimus and Acme’; ‘Sequel to the Beggars …’; ‘Seven Sisters, or, the Solitude of Binnorie, The’; ‘Seventeen Ninety-eight: A Night Piece’; ‘Shall He who Gives His Days to Low Pursuits’; ‘She Dwelt among the Untrodden Ways’; ‘She Was a Phantom of Delight’; ‘Sheep-washing’; ‘Shepherd, Looking Eastward …, The’; ‘Shipwreck of the Soul’; ‘Siege of Vienna Raise by John Sobieski’; ‘Simon Lee’; ‘Simplon Pass, The’; ‘Six Months to Six Years Added He Remained’; ‘Sky-prospect – from the Plain of France’; ‘Slumber Did My Spirits Seal, A’; ‘Small Celandine, The’; ‘Snow-Tracks of My Friends I See, The’; ‘So Fair, So Sweet, withal So Sensitive’; ‘Soft as a Cloud Is Yon Blue Ridge – the Mere’; ‘Sole Listener, Dudon! To the Breeze that Played’; ‘Solitary Reaper, The’; ‘Somnambulist, The’; ‘Song at the Feast of Brougham Castle’; ‘Song for the Spinning Wheel’; ‘Song for the Wandering Jew’; ‘Sonnet ‘Protest against the Ballot’; ‘Sonnet Composed at _ Castle’; ‘Sonnet on a Portrait of I.F. …’; ‘Sonnet on Seeing Miss Helen Maria ..’; ‘Sonnet to an Octogenarian’; ‘Sonnet Written by Mr _ …’; ‘Sonnet’; ‘Sonnets upon the Punishment of Death I-XIV’; ‘Source of the Danube, The’; ‘Spanish Guerillas’; ‘Sparrow’s Nest, The’; ‘St. Catherine of Ledbury’; ‘Stanzas Composed in the Simplon Pass’; ‘Stanzas Suggested in a Steamboat …’; ‘Stanzas Written in My Pocket-copy …’; ‘Star-gazers’; ‘Stars Are Mansions Built by Nature’s Hand, The’; ‘Steamboats, Viaducts and Railways’; ‘Stepping Westward’; ‘Stepping-Stones, The’ (2); ‘Strange Fits of Passion Have I Known’; ‘Stray Pleasures’; ‘Suggested at Tyndrum in a Storm’; ‘Suggested by a Beautiful Ruin …’; ‘Suggested by a Picture of the Bird of Paradise’; ‘Suggested by a View from an Eminence in Inglewood Forest’; ‘Suggested by the Monument of Mrs Howard’; ‘Sun Has Long Been Set, The’; ‘Surprised by Joy – Impatient as the Wind’; ‘Sweet Was the Walk along the Narrow Lane’;
• ‘Tables Turned, The’; ‘Take, Cradled Nursling of the Mountain, Take’; ‘There Is a Bondage Worse, Far Worse to Bear’; ‘There Is a Little Unpretending Rill’; ‘There Is a Pleasure in Poetic Pains’; ‘There Is a Shapeless Crowd of Unhewn Stones’; ‘There Was a Boy’; ‘There! Said a Stripling, Pointing with Meet Pride’; ‘These Vales Were Saddened with No Common Gloom’; ‘They Call It Love Lies Bleeding! Rather Say’ (2); ‘They Called Thee Merry England, in Old Time’; ‘This Lawn, a Carpet All Alive’; ‘This, and the Two Following ..’; ‘Thorn, The’; ‘Those Words Were Uttered as in Pensive Mood’; ‘Thou who with Youthful Vigour Rich, and Light’; ‘Though Narrow Be that Old Man’s Cares’; ‘Though the Bold Wings of Poesy Affect’; ‘Thought of a Briton on the Subjugation of Switzerland’; ‘Thought on the Seasons’; ‘Thoughts Suggested the Day Following …’; ‘Three Cottage Girls, The’; ‘Three Graves, The’; ‘Three Years She Grew in Sun and Shower’; ‘Throned in the Sun’s Descending Car’; ‘Through Cumbrian Wilds, in Many a Mountain Cove’; ‘Tis He Whose Yester-evenings High Disdain’; ‘Tis Said, that Some Have Died for Love’; ‘To _, in Her Seventieth Year’; ‘To _, on Her First Ascent to the Summit of Helvellyn’; ‘To _, on the Birth of Her First-born Child, March 1833’; ‘To _’ (4); ‘To a Butterfly’ (2); ‘To a Child’; ‘To a Distant Friend’; ‘To a Friend (On the Banks of the Derwent)’; ‘To a Highland Girl’; ‘To a Lady’; ‘To a Painter’ (2); ‘To a Redbreast – in Sickness’; ‘To a Sexton’; ‘To a Skylark’ (2); ‘To a Snowdrop’; ‘To a Young Lady, who Had Been Reproached ..’; ‘To B.R. Haydon on Seeing …’; ‘To B.R. Haydon’; ‘To Cordelia M_ …’; ‘To Enterprise’ (43 poems); ‘To H.C. Six Years Old’; ‘To Henry Crabb Robinson’; ‘To I.F’; ‘To Lady Beaumont’; ‘To Lady Eleanor Butler …’; ‘To Lucca Giordano’; ‘To May’; ‘To Miss Sellon’; ‘To My Niece Dora’; ‘To My Sister’; ‘To Rotha Q_’; ‘To S.H.’; ‘To Sleep’ (3); ‘To the Author’s Portrait’; ‘To the Clouds’; ‘To the Cuckoo’; ‘To the Cuckoo’; ‘To the Daisy’ (4); ‘To the Earl of Lonsdale’; ‘To the Evening Star over Grasmere Water, July 1806’; ‘To the Lady E.B. and the Hon. Miss P.’; ‘To the Lady Fleming’ (2); ‘To the Lady Mary Lowther’; ‘To the Memory of Raisley Calvert’; ‘To the Men of Kent’; ‘To the Moon’ (2); ‘To the Pennsylvanians’; ‘To the Planet Venus …’; ‘To the Planet Venus, an Evening Star’; ‘To the Poet, John Dyer’; ‘To the Rev. Christopher Wordsworth …’; ‘To the Rev. Dr Wordsworth’; ‘To the River Derwent’; ‘To the River Greta, near Keswick’; ‘To the Small Celandine’ (2); ‘To the Sons of Burns’; ‘To the Spade of a Friend’; ‘To the Torrent at the Devil’s Bridge, North Wales, 1824’; ‘To the Utilitarians’; ‘To Thomas Clarkson …’; ‘To Toussaint l’Ouverture’; ‘Torrent’; ‘Tower of Schwytz, The’; ‘Tradition’; ‘Tradition of Oker Hill in Darley Dale, Derbyshire, A’; ‘Translation of Part of the First Book of the Aeneid’; ‘Triad, The’; ‘Tributary Stream’; ‘Tribute to the Memory of the Same Dog …’; ‘Troilus and Cresida’; ‘Trosachs, The’; ‘Two April Mornings, The’; ‘Two Thieves, The’; ‘Tynwald Hill’; ‘Tyrolese Sonnets’ (6);
• ‘Unplaced Lines for an Imitation of Juvenal’; ‘Unremitting Voice of Nightly Streams, The’; ‘Upon Perusing the Foregoing Epistle …’; ‘Upon Seeing a Coloured Drawing of the Bird of Paradise in an Album’; ‘Upon the Late General Fast. March 1832’; ‘Upon the Sight of a Beautiful Picture …’;
• ‘Vale Longum Vale’; ‘Vale of Esthwaite, The’; ‘Valedictory Sonnet’; ‘Vaudracour and Julia’; ‘Vernal Ode’; ‘View from the Top of Black Comb’;
• ‘Waggoner, The’; ‘Wansfell! This Household Has a Favoured Lot’; ‘Warning: A Sequel …, The’; ‘Waterfall and the Eglantine, The’; ‘Water-fowl’; ‘We Are Seven’; ‘Weak Is the Will of Man …’; ‘Western Clouds a Deepening Gloom Display, The’; ‘Westmoreland Girl. To My Grandchildren _, The’; ‘What Aspect Bore the Man who Roved or Fled’; ‘What from the Social Chain Can Tear’; ‘What Heavenly Smiles! Oh, Lady Mine’; ‘What If Our Numbers Barely Could Defy’; ‘When Haughty Expectations Prostrate Life’; ‘When I Have Borne in Memory What Has Tamed’; ‘When Love Was Born of Heavenly Line’; ‘When Philoctetes in the Lemnian Isle’; ‘When Severn’s Weeping Flood Had Overthrown’; ‘Whence that Low Voice? – A Whisper from the Heart’; ‘Where Lies the Land to which Yon Ship Must Go?’; ‘Where Lies the Truth? Has Man, in Wisdom’s Creed’; ‘While Anna’s Peers and Early Playmates Tread’; ‘While Beams of Orient Light Shoot Wide and High’; ‘Whirl-blast from behind the Hill, A’; ‘White Doe of Rhyl-stone …, The’; ‘Who but Is Pleased to Watch the Moon on High’; ‘Who Fancied what a Pretty Sight’; ‘Who Swerves from Innocence, Who Makes Divorce’; ‘Why Art Thou Silent! Is Thy Love a Plant’; ‘Why Should the Enthusiast …’; ‘Why, Minstrel, These Untuneful Murmurings’; ‘Widow in Windermere Side, The’; ‘Wild Duck’s Nest, The’; ‘Wild-Fowl’; ‘Winter’s Evening – Fragment of an Ode to Winter, A’; ‘Wishing Gate, The’; ‘Wishing-Gate Destroyed, The’; ‘With How Sad Steps, O Moon, Thou Climb’st the Sky’; ‘With Ships the Sea Was Sprinkled Far and Night’; ‘Witness Thou’; ‘World Is Too Much with Us, Late and Soon, The’; ‘Wouldst Thou Be Gathered to Christ’s Chosen Flock’; ‘Wren’s Nest, A’; ‘Written after the Death of Charles Lamb’; ‘Written at the Request of Sir George Howland Beaumont, Bart …’; ‘Written in a Blank Leaf of Macpherson’s ‘Ossian’; ‘Written in a Grotto’; ‘Written in Germany …’; ‘Written in London’; ‘Written in March While Resting …’; ‘Written in Very Early Youth’; ‘Written upon a Blank leaf …’; ‘Written with a Pencil upon …’; ‘Written with a Slate Pencil …’; ‘Written with a State Pencil upon …’;
• ‘Yarrow Revisited’; ‘Yarrow Unvisited’; ‘Yarrow Visited, September 1814’; ‘Yes! Thou Art Fair, Yet Be Not Moved’; ‘Yes, It Was the Mountain Echo’; ‘Yew-trees’; ‘Young England – What Is Then to Become of Old’.



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Boekinformatie

ERK Niveau:
C1

Schrijver:
William Wordsworth

Jaar van uitgave:
1850

Aantal pagina's:
2170

Tijd waarin het verhaal zich afspeelt:
1800-1850

Plaats van handeling:
Meerdere plaatsen

Bijzonderheden:
Een dichtbundel met daarin vrijwel alle gedichten van William Wordsworth.




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Het boek - onderwerp

IS HET BOEK VOOR JOU INTERESSANT?

‘The Poems’ is een verzameling van alle tot nu toe bekende gedichten die de Engelse dichter William Wordsworth schreef. Het waren gelegenheidsgedichten bij een formele gelegenheid: een geboorte, huwelijk, overlijden. Maar er waren ook vooral gedichten over thema’s die de dichter interesseerden: de natuur, de liefde, de stad en – vooral – het platteland.

 


WAT MOET JE WETEN?

William Wordsworth schreef in zijn lange leven ongelooflijk veel gedichten (soms dagelijks). Die gedichten – hier verzameld in ‘The Poems’ – werden overal gepubliceerd: in bundels, in tijdschriften en kranten, op gedenkplaatsen, enzovoort. Wordsworth was in zijn tijd hoogstwaarschijnlijk de populairste dichter van zijn tijd. En dat komt vooral omdat de gedichten zeer toegankelijk zijn: nog altijd, ook al werden ze meestal vóór 1850 geschreven …





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Het boek - Moeilijkheid

DE TAAL

De taal van ‘The Poems’ is meestal goed te begrijpen. Wordsworth gebruikt wel poëtische taal, maar hij verzandt nergens in onbegrijpelijke uitweidingen.
De gedichten rijmen vrijwel allemaal en ze hebben een strak en heel toegankelijk metrum. De gedichten zijn zo goed gemaakt dat Engelse leerlingen ze – tot op de dag van vandaag – op school moe(s)ten leren (declameren).

 


DE TAAL EN HET VERHAAL

Qua taal is de bundel zeker toegankelijk.
Dat geldt zeker ook voor de gedichten zelf. Vooral de verhalende gedichten en kortere sonnetten zijn heel begrijpelijk. Pas wanneer Wordsworth teksten van meer dan drie pagina’s schrijft worden de ‘verhalen’ lastiger om te volgen.
Op basis van deze eigenschappen is ‘The Poems’ een boek met een literair niveau C 5a en een taal-(ERK-)niveau C1.

 


Schrijfstijl:

De gedichten zijn toegankelijk, begrijpelijk en ze geven een heel mooi beeld van de tijd van dichter (1800-1850) en van de plaatsen waar hij woonde (met name het Lake District in Noordwest Engeland) of die hij bezocht (Schotland, Wales, Duitsland, Italië, Frankrijk).





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Het boek - het verhaal

Actie:

‘The Poems’ bevat ‘verhalen’ met weinig actie.

 


Tijd:

De gebeurtenissen in de gedichten spelen zich af in de jaren 1800-1850.

 


Plaats:

De setting van ‘The Poems’ is meerdere plaatsen.

 


Verhaallijn:

Er zijn veel verschillende verhaallijnen in ‘The Poems’.

 


Verteller:

De gedichten hebben ik-vertellers en auctoriale vertellers.





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Het boek - de karakters

Hoofdkarakters:

De hoofdkarakters in ‘The Poems’ zijn:
• De ik-verteller: de dichter;
• Vrienden, familieleden en geliefden van de dichter.

 


Bijfiguren:

Bijfiguren
De belangrijkste bijfiguren in ‘The Poems’ zijn:
• Beroemde en minder beroemde tijdgenoten van de dichter: politici, artiesten, arbeiders, boeren, enzovoort;
• Bekende en minder bekende karakters: klassieke dichters of politieke of militaire leiders.

 





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Het boek - verder


Film:

De gedichten uit ‘The Poems’ zijn soms verfilmd.

 


Overig:

‘The Poems’ bevat ongelooflijk veel gedichten. William Wordsworth schreef jarenlang vrijwel dagelijks – een activiteit die zorgde voor een enorm oeuvre.




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Auteur en Werken

Link naar pagina over auteur
-->Informatie over William Wordsworth.

Auteur:

Werken:




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Meer

Leessuggesties:

Als je dit een mooi boek vond, zou je ook kunnen lezen:
Poetical Works van Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Poetical Works van John Keats
Poems 1817 Percy Bysshe Shelley


Citaat:
My Heart Leaps Up When I Behold

My heart leaps up when I behold
A rainbow in the sky:
So was it when my life began;
So is it now I am a man;
So be it when I shall grow old,
Or let me die!
The Child is father of the Man;
And I could wish my days to be
Bound each to each by natural piety.

Vragen over het boek:

Analyseer de onderstaande gedichten:
1. ‘My Heart Leaps when I Behold’
2. ‘Composed upon Westminster Bridge …’
3. ‘I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud’
4. ‘A Slumber Did My Spirits Seal’





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